Short-Term Disability in Oregon | State Qualifications

Short-term disability insurance in Oregon would replace a portion of income when a person cannot work because of a non-occupational injury or illness – if you purchased a policy from a private company beforehand.

The state does not have a mandatory program covering off-the-job medical conditions until September 3, 2023, when the Family Medical Leave Insurance (OFMLI) takes effect.

In the interim, the state administers programs covering temporary disabilities lasting at least twelve months (Social Security) and occupational incidents (Worker’s Compensation). Also, lost wages make many families eligible for other state programs for low-income households.

You can apply for these state benefits, if appropriate, by completing the designated forms.

Oregon Short-Term Disability Qualifications

The primary qualification for short-term disability insurance in Oregon is that you must begin coverage before becoming sick, hurt, or pregnant. The state does not have a program covering temporary non-occupational conditions until 9/3/23.

Free government money for personal use might provide financial relief by lowering everyday bills. Lost earnings due to a temporary disability could mean that you meet the low-income eligibility criteria for specific programs.

Filing a Claim

For people working in Oregon, you do not qualify to file a claim for short-term disability benefits unless you purchased a policy from a private insurance company because the state does not have a mandatory program until 9/3/23.

However, Oregon residents who commute across the border to work have coverage through those state-required programs.

Buying a Policy

Since most Oregon residents do not qualify to file a claim for benefits unless they have coverage already in force, it makes great sense to buy a policy from a private company before you have a pre-existing condition.

Request a short-term disability quote to get the process started. An agent licensed in Oregon may contact you to review the monthly premiums based on different feature configurations.

  1. Elimination period: how quickly claims begin
  2. Monthly benefit: the amount paid each month
  3. Benefit period: maximum length of claim payments

Pregnancy Leave

Short-term disability for pregnancy is crucial for Oregon mothers. However, most prospective moms wait too long to buy coverage and miss out on partially paid time off in three areas.

  1. Pregnancy disability leave before childbirth
  2. Recovery from labor and delivery
  3. Postpartum medical disorders that delay her return to work

Short-term disability approval while pregnant is possible because most new policy applications do not ask if you are expecting a baby. However, two clauses will rule out immediate benefits.

  • Missing work due to a pre-existing condition during the first twelve months
  • Giving birth within the first nine months after the effective date

Oregon maternity leave laws provide up to 24 weeks of job-protected time off. However, your recovery from childbirth and baby bonding experience will be unpaid through 9/3/23.

Oregon State Disability Insurance

The state disability insurance available to workers in Oregon will change radically on September 3, 2023. In the meantime, people employed in the Beaver State will have to identify alternatives to offset their lost income.


Apply for temporary disability through Social Security if your non-occupational medical condition will prevent you from performing any work for at least twelve months. You begin the application online at the federal website, then a disability determination office located in Oregon will adjudicate your claim.

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is a joint program administered cooperatively by the federal government and the fifty states.


Oregon Health Plan (OHP) does not offer state temporary disability benefits. OHP is the brand name for Medicaid, which provides health insurance to low-income families, pregnant women, and senior citizens.

In other words, OHP cannot help you replace lost income if you are unable to work because of an off-the-job accident or illness. But it could save money elsewhere if you are aware of every benefit.

For instance, OHP Medicaid covers dental work for adults.

  • Regular preventive checkups
  • Cleanings (prophylaxis)
  • Fillings for cavities
  • Tooth extractions


State government workers in Oregon have the opportunity to enroll in a voluntary short-term disability insurance program. Voluntary means that the coverage is not required or automatic, and the employees pay the premiums, not the taxpayers.

The Public Employees Benefits Board (PEBB) offers the voluntary policy through the Standard Insurance Company. You can sign up any time during the year.

Workers Compensation

The State of Oregon requires employers to purchase Worker’s Compensation Insurance, which provides temporary disability and other valuable benefits for occupational accidents.

File a claim for a temporary disability caused by an on-the-job incident by contacting the human resources department at your employer, which can direct you to the private insurance company that issued the policy.

Complete the claim form precisely to avoid unnecessary delays.