Who Is Eligible For Government Home Improvement Grants?

There is no single correct answer to who is eligible for free government home improvement grants, as many agencies offer programs with slightly different criteria serving three distinct objectives.

First, the government funnels resources to low-income families with unique criteria for seniors, disabled individuals, single mothers, cancer patients, and Native Americans. 

Second, two government programs protect the environment by improving energy efficiency to reduce the consumption of oil, gas, and electricity.  

Third, the government addresses health and safety issues by proactively helping vulnerable homeowners mitigate risks to their well-being.

Free Home Improvement Grants: Low-Income Requirements

First, we explore when low-income families are eligible for home improvement grants: free money you do not have to repay (not loans). These government requirements have two primary components, which we can break down further for senior citizens, disabled individuals, cancer patients, and Native Americans.


Home improvement grants for low-income families have strict qualifying criteria because projects can increase property values, which is not a government priority.

Free home repair for low-income families might prove easier to find. Charities and churches often pitch in to help with projects the government might not approve because they do not align with their objectives.

Also, you must provide evidence that you meet the low-income family standard set by the government agency administering each program, which typically has two primary components.   

  1. Living below a percentage of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL)
    1. Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI)
    2. Number of household members
  2. Previous enrollment in other government benefit programs
    1. Medicaid
    2. Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
    3. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)

Senior Citizens

Senior citizens often qualify for free home improvement grants because they meet the low-income family criteria, the government offers a targeted program, and elderly homeowners can reduce other expenses.

Finally, senior citizens meet the most lenient 200% FPL cutoff exclusively when their non-taxable Social Security Retirement (SSR) check is small. Older people rarely have dependents living in their households.

200% Federal Poverty Level: 1-2 Household Members

Household MembersMAGI LimitMonthly SSR

Single Mothers

Single mothers are frequently eligible for free home improvement grants because they meet the government criteria for low-income families based on household size and may have already enrolled in an interconnected program.

Immediate assistance for single mothers (TANF) is an automatic qualifier for the WAP, LIHEAP, and other linked programs. Once approved for TANF, you have fewer hoops to jump through.

Single mothers frequently meet the most lenient 200% PFL floor when they have many dependent children living in their homes, even when their income is modest. Notice how the limits increase with household size.

200% Federal Poverty Level: 3-6 Household Members

Household MembersMAGI Limit

Disabled Individuals

Disabled individuals often qualify for free home improvement grants because they meet the low-income family criteria or have already enrolled in a related program, making them automatically eligible.

  • Disabled people receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) qualify automatically for the WAP and LIHEAP programs and do not need to validate income again.
  • Disabled individuals receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) meet the criteria if their monthly check falls below the limit, given their household size.

Personal loans that accept disability benefits can fill any remaining funding needs, but SSI recipients should avoid borrowing money. Funds held in a checking account could violate the $2,000 (individual) or $3,000 (married couple) countable resource limit.

Cancer Patients

Cancer patients could be eligible for free home improvement grants because they meet the low-income family criteria, have already enrolled in a related program, and have an acute health and safety need.

  • You can be denied cancer treatment without insurance, so many patients enroll in Medicaid, making them automatically eligible for WAP and LIHEAP.
  • Cancer patients often must stop working while undergoing treatment, meaning their projected income could be low enough to fall under the 200% FPL cutoff, given their household size.
  • Cancer patients have weakened immune systems after debilitating rounds of radiation and chemotherapy, meaning they have a pre-existing condition that may spur upgrades. For instance, poor air quality, mold, and asthma triggers might require remediation.  

Native Americans

Native Americans might qualify for free home improvement grants when they meet the government’s low-income family requirements and other criteria.  

The Bureau of Indian Affairs Home Improvement Program repairs, renovates, and replaces housing and has the following requirements.

  •  A member of a federally recognized American Indian tribe or an Alaska Native
  • Live in an approved tribal service area
  • Have an income at or below 125 percent of the FPL
  • Have present housing that is substandard

Disabled Veterans

Military veterans with service-connected disabilities frequently qualify for home improvement grants through the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The funding helps make needed changes to their living environment, such as ramps, walkways, handrails, grab bars, sliding doors, and other modifications.

Apply for four grant programs through the VA to determine eligibility, which hinges on the type and severity of your disability, including these examples.

  • The loss or loss of use of more than one limb
  • Blindness in both eyes (with 20/200 visual acuity or less)
  • Certain severe burns
  • Specific respiratory or breathing injuries

Free Home Improvement Grants: Energy Savings Requirements

Next, we explore who is eligible for free home improvement grants based on the projected energy savings. The government seeks to lower utility bills for low-income families while protecting the environment for future generations.

WAP Energy Savings

Families living at or below 200% of FPL may qualify for free home improvement grants through the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) if the projects save enough energy.

Apply for WAP benefits at your local state agency. A certified local contractor will conduct an extensive home energy audit and recommend upgrades provided the Savings-to-Investment Ratio (SIR) exceeds a minimum threshold.

WAP-approved energy-efficient projects could include the following:

  1. Addition of insulation and weather stripping
  2. Drafty window and door upgrades
  3. Leaky roof repair and replacement

LIHEAP Energy Savings

Families living below 150% of FPL may be eligible for free home improvement grants through the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) if the project sufficiently reduces gas or electricity consumption.

Apply for LIHEAP through your state agency with an understanding that the program focuses on lowering utility bills. Therefore, LIHEAP-approved projects are more likely to support equipment upgrades connecting electric outlets and gas pipes.

Free Home Improvement Grants: Health and Safety Requirements

Finally, we explore who is eligible for free grants for home improvement based on health and safety reasons. The government allocates resources to mitigate risks to the well-being of vulnerable citizens.  

WAP Health & Safety

Low-income families could be eligible for free home improvement grants through WAP for health and safety reasons. The government-sponsored auditor may recommend projects before or resulting from installing energy-conservation measures.

Allowable WAP health and safety activities include:

  • Smoke and carbon monoxide detectors
  • Combustion appliance testing
  • Electrical repairs
  • Assessment of fire hazards
  • Indoor air quality
  • Lead-safe weatherization
  • Procedures to identify pre-existing health conditions

Section 504 Health & Safety

Seniors living in rural areas may qualify for USDA Section 504 home improvement grants to remove health and safety problems such as slip and fall hazards, asthma triggers, and fire risks.

Seniors must live in a USDA-designated eligible area and meet the following criteria to receive this government grant of up to $10,000.

  • An adult age 62 or older
  • Be the homeowner and occupy the residence
  • Unable to obtain a loan elsewhere (bad credit)
  • Have a family income below 50% of the area median
  • Unable to repay a restoration loan

IRS Health & Safety

People who pay income taxes may be eligible for free home improvement grants through the government for projects addressing health and safety issues.

IRS tax-deductible medical expenses include home improvements reduced by the increase in property value for two types of projects.

  1. The primary purpose is medical care for a family member
  2. Physical accommodations for disabled individuals
    1. Constructing entrance or exit ramps for your home
    2. Widening doorways at entrances or exits to your home
    3. Widening or otherwise modifying hallways and interior doorways
    4. Installing railings, support bars, or other modifications to bathrooms
    5. Lowering or changing kitchen cabinets and equipment

FSA Health & Safety

People with access to a Flexible Spending Account (FSA) at work may qualify for free home improvement grants through the government for projects addressing health and safety issues.

An FSA allows you to pay for IRS-approved (see above) projects using pretax dollars, which overcome two significant shortcomings of itemized tax deductions while offering a hidden benefit.

Home improvement loans with no credit check are possible with an FSA when the project addresses medical care or accommodations for a disabled family member. Select a pretax payroll contribution during the annual open enrollment, and your employer must immediately reimburse any qualifying expense in the new plan year.

You then have up to 52 weeks to repay your employer while saving money on taxes without meeting two challenging thresholds associated with taking a deduction in April.

  1. Itemized deductions must exceed the standard deduction
  2. Deductible medical and dental expenses must surpass 7.5% of adjusted gross income